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Oral and dental manifestations of child abuse

Show simple item record Gonzalvoa, G. O., & de la Parte Sernab, A. C. 2021-04-30T15:50:33Z 2021-04-30T15:50:33Z 2021
dc.identifier.citation Gonzalvoa, G. O., & de la Parte Sernab, A. C. (2021). Oral and dental manifestations of child abuse. Rev Pediatr, 23, 15-22. en_US
dc.description.abstract Introduction: the objective of the study was to review the oral and dental manifestations of child abuse. Material and methods: we performed a systematic review study following the PRISMA guidelines. We performed 2 searches using MeSH terms in the Medline/PubMed database for the period ranging from 1/1/2000 to 12/31/2019. Results: The review included 26 articles, of which 65.4% were published in dental journals and 16% in paediatric journals. All oral and dental injuries caused by physical abuse raise suspicion, but none are pathognomonic. They must be distinguished from unintentional injuries, which are common in the paediatric population. To do so, the presence of physical signs considered strong warning signs must be assessed. All oral and dental diseases resulting from neglect are suggestive but not confirmatory of neglect. Therefore, it is necessary to assess whether there are factors considered necessary to diagnose dental neglect, such as other health problems arising from chronic neglect or other indicators of physical and/or sexual abuse. Oral infections by Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Treponema pallidum are pathognomonic for sexual abuse. All other oral injuries and diseases are considered suspicious or suggestive. Conclusions: injuries and diseases resulting from child abuse or neglect frequently manifest the oral and intraoral regions. It is essential that paediatricians and dentists be aware of the problem, trained in its detection, and knowledgeable of when and how to document and notify suspected cases. These efforts, as well as the overall work of these professionals, en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Revista Pediatría de Atención Primaria en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject International Resources en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.subject Spain en_US
dc.subject dental care en_US
dc.subject injury en_US
dc.subject neglect en_US
dc.subject mouth diseases en_US
dc.title Oral and dental manifestations of child abuse en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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