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Genetic Vulnerability to Experiencing Child Maltreatment

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dc.contributor.author Pezzoli, Patrizia ; Antfolk, Jan ; Hatoum, Alexander ; Santtila, Pekka.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-24T17:20:17Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-24T17:20:17Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Pezzoli, Patrizia ; Antfolk, Jan ; Hatoum, Alexander ; Santtila, Pekka. (2018). Genetic Vulnerability to Experiencing Child Maltreatment. PsyArXiv, 10.31234/osf.io/8hymt. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://osf.io/8hymt/download/?format=pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/4310
dc.description.abstract Although there are multiple forms of experiences of childhood maltreatment (CM), previous research has mainly focused on its different aspects separately. Possible genetic influences on these purportedly environmental causes of later psychopathology have also been largely overlooked. In a large population-based Finnish twin-sample, we investigated the co-occurrence of 55 different adverse experiences and the covariance of the identified latent types of CM. We also estimated the genetic and environmental influences on both the individual adverse experiences and latent types of CM. We found evidence that the reported CM are influenced by genetic factors. Importantly, specific genetic and environmental factors still influenced traits that modulate the risk of sexual abuse after accounting for shared genetic influences on all types of CM and on their covariance. Genes and shared environments differently influenced the occurrence of CM within and outside the family. Finally, we found evidence that heritable traits might bias retrospective self-reports of experiences more susceptible to interpretation. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher PsyArXiv en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.subject Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) en_US
dc.subject risk factors en_US
dc.subject physical abuse en_US
dc.subject emotional abuse en_US
dc.subject sexual abuse en_US
dc.subject neglect en_US
dc.subject International Resources en_US
dc.subject Finland en_US
dc.title Genetic Vulnerability to Experiencing Child Maltreatment en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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