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Experimentally evoking nonbelieved memories for childhood events

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dc.contributor.author Otgaar, H., Scoboria, A., & Smeets, T.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-18T15:00:16Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-18T15:00:16Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Otgaar, H., Scoboria, A., & Smeets, T. (2013). Experimentally evoking nonbelieved memories for childhood events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 39(3), 717-730. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Alan_Scoboria/publication/230706088_Experimentally_Evoking_Nonbelieved_Memories_for_Childhood_Events/links/0912f512d84b34def5000000.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3439
dc.description.abstract We report on the first experimental elicitation of nonbelieved memories for childhood events in adults and children (Study 2) using a modified false memory implantation paradigm. Participants received true (trip to a theme park) and false (hot air balloon ride) narratives and recalled these events during two interviews. After debriefing, 13% of adults and 15% of children reported nonbelieved memories. While phenomenal ratings were higher for true than for nonbelieved memories immediately after the debriefing, after a month nonbelieved memories behaved as true memories. Also following debriefing, 23% of adults and 15% of children retracted their false memory claims. Prior to debriefing, participants with nonbelieved memories were most likely to indicate remembering the event while participants with false memories who retracted their claim were most likely to endorse believing but not remembering the event. This research suggests that debriefings in previous false memory studies can lead to the development of nonbelieved memories. Additional findings regarding the correspondence between subjective belief, subjective memory, and objective memory judgments prior to and following debriefing are discussed. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition en_US
dc.subject false memory implantation en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.title Experimentally evoking nonbelieved memories for childhood events en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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