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Eliminating age differences in children’s and adults’ suggestibility and memory conformity effects

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dc.contributor.author Otgaar, H., Howe, M. L., Brackmann, N. & van Helvoort, D.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-17T19:40:05Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-17T19:40:05Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Otgaar, H., Howe, M. L., Brackmann, N. & van Helvoort, D. (2017). Eliminating age differences in children’s and adults’ suggestibility and memory conformity effects. Developmental Psychology, 53(5), 962-970. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/16044/3/Otgaar-Howe%20et%20al%20Reversal-2%20DP%20Article%20In%20Press.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3432
dc.description.abstract We examined whether typical developmental trends in suggestion-induced false memories (i.e., age-related decrease) could be changed. Using theoretical principles from the spontaneous false memory field, we adapted two often-used false memory procedures: misinformation (Experiment 1) and memory conformity (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, 7/9-year old children (n = 33) and adults (n = 39) received stories containing associatively-related details. They then listened to misinformation in the form of short narrative preserving the meaning of the story. Children and adults were equally susceptible to the misinformation effect. In Experiment 2, younger (7/8-year olds, n = 30) and older (11/12-year-olds, n = 30) children and adults (n = 30) viewed pictures containing associatively-related details. They viewed these pictures in pairs. Although the pictures differed, participants believed they had viewed the same pictures. Participants had to report what they could recollect during collaborative and individual recall tests. Children and adults were equally susceptible to memory conformity effects. When correcting for response bias, adults’ false memory scores were even higher than children’s. Our results show that age trends in suggestion-induced false memories are not developmentally invariant. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Developmental Psychology en_US
dc.subject suggestibility en_US
dc.subject false memories en_US
dc.subject misinformation effect en_US
dc.title Eliminating age differences in children’s and adults’ suggestibility and memory conformity effects en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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