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Prevalence of abuse among young children with femur fractures: A systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Wood, J. N., Fakeye, O., Mondestin, V., Rubin, D. M., Localio, R., & Feudtner, C.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-26T14:32:44Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-26T14:32:44Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Wood, J. N., Fakeye, O., Mondestin, V., Rubin, D. M., Localio, R., & Feudtner, C. (2014). Prevalence of abuse among young children with femur fractures: a systematic review. BMC pediatrics, 14(1), 169-181. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4085378/pdf/1471-2431-14-169.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3185
dc.description.abstract Background: Clinical factors that affect the likelihood of abuse in children with femur fractures have not been well elucidated. Consequently, specifying which children with femur fractures warrant an abuse evaluation is difficult. Therefore the purpose of this study is to estimate the proportion of femur fractures in young children attributable to abuse and to identify demographic, injury and presentation characteristics that affect the probability that femur fractures are secondary to abuse. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of published articles written in English between January 1990 and July 2013 on femur fracture etiology in children less than or equal to 5 years old based on searches in PubMed/MEDLINE and CINAHL databases. Data extraction was based on pre-defined data elements and included study quality indicators. A meta-analysis was not performed due to study population heterogeneity. Results: Across the 24 studies reviewed, there were a total of 10,717 children less than or equal to 60 months old with femur fractures. Among children less than 12 months old with all types of femur fractures, investigators found abuse rates ranging from 16.7% to 35.2%. Among children 12 months old or greater with femur fractures, abuse rates were lower: from 1.5% - 6.0%. In multiple studies, age less than 12 months, non-ambulatory status, a suspicious history, and the presence of additional injuries were associated with findings of abuse. Diaphyseal fractures were associated with a lower abuse incidence in multiple studies. Fracture side and spiral fracture type, however, were not associated with abuse. Conclusions: Studies commonly find a high proportion of abuse among children less than 12 months old with femur fractures. The reported trauma history, physical examination findings and radiologic results must be examined for characteristics that increase or decrease the likelihood of abuse determination. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BMC Pediatrics en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject diagnosis en_US
dc.subject physical examination en_US
dc.subject indications en_US
dc.subject literature review en_US
dc.title Prevalence of abuse among young children with femur fractures: A systematic review en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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