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Quantifying the Decline in Juvenile Sexual Recidivism Rates

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dc.contributor.author Caldwell, M. F.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-14T15:48:15Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-14T15:48:15Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Caldwell, M. F. Quantifying the Decline in Juvenile Sexual Recidivism Rates.Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, [at press] (2016), 14 pp. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Michael_Caldwell6/publication/303096497_The_Longitudinal_Relationship_Between_African_American_Status_Psychopathic_Traits_and_Violent_Recidivism_in_Juvenile_Offenders/links/579b7e7708ae6a2882f1a67c.pdf  
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/2996
dc.description.abstract Data from several sources have indicated that violence in general (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2012; Finkelhor & Jones, 2004; Sickmund, & Puzzanchera, 2014), and sexual recidivism in adult offenders (Duwe, 2014; Helmus, 2009; Wisconsin Department of Corrections, 2015), has declined substantially in recent decades. This finding is significant because the potential effectiveness of public policies intended to reduce sexual violence in society rests in part on the base rate for re-offense of adjudicated violent offenders. This study examined whether the recidivism base rate for juvenile sexual recidivism has undergone a similar decline in recent decades. We examined 106 studies from 98 reports or data sets involving 33,783 cases of adjudicated juvenile sexual offenders that were carried out between 1938 and 2014. Results showed a weighted mean base rate for sexual recidivism of 4.92% over a mean follow-up time of 58.98 months (SD = 50.97, Median = 52.75). The year of initiation of the study predicted the sexual recidivism rate after controlling for the follow-up time (FΔ = 14.72, p = .0002). Studies conducted between 2000 and 2015 reported a weighted mean sexual recidivism rate of 2.75%; 73% lower than the rate of 10.30% reported by studies conducted between 1980 and 1995. The implications for public policies, risk assessment methods, and clinical services are discussed. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Psychology, Public Policy, and Law en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject sexual abuse en_US
dc.subject minors en_US
dc.subject perpetrators en_US
dc.subject recidivism en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.title Quantifying the Decline in Juvenile Sexual Recidivism Rates en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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