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Predictors of Engagement in a Parenting Intervention Designed to Prevent Child Maltreatment

Show simple item record Corso, P. S., Fang, X., Begle, A. M., & Dumas, J. 2014-11-25T17:13:03Z 2014-11-25T17:13:03Z 2010
dc.identifier.citation Corso, P. S., Fang, X., Begle, A. M., & Dumas, J. (2010). Predictors of engagement in a parenting intervention designed to prevent child maltreatment. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 11(3), 235. en_US
dc.description.abstract Objective: The objectives of this analysis were to: 1) assess the impact of socio-demographic factors on parents’ perception of the benefits of attending a parenting program designed to prevent child maltreatment vs. the costs in terms of time and difficulty to attend, 2) determine if perceived costs and benefits affected the association between socio-demographic factors and participation in a parenting program, and 3) assess whether race/ethnicity moderated the relationship between socio-demographic factors, perceived costs and benefits, and program participation. Methods: We assessed perceived costs and benefits of the intervention from parents providing self-reports, including satisfaction/usefulness of the program (benefits), and time/difficulty associated with the program (costs). We defined attendance at both the mid-point and then the number of classes attended throughout the remainder of the intervention. To investigate the direct and indirect effects (through perceived costs and benefits) of parental socio-demographic factors (education, age, gender, number of children, household income) on program attendance, we analyzed the data with structural equation modeling (SEM). To assess the potential moderating effect of race/ethnicity, separate models were tested for Caucasian and African-American parents. Results: Perceived benefits positively impacted attendance for both Caucasian (n=227) and African-American (n=141) parents, whereas perceived costs negatively influenced attendance only for Caucasian parents. Parent education and age directly impacted attendance for Caucasian parents, but no socio-demographic factor directly impacted attendance for African-American parents. The indirect impact of socio-demographic characteristics on attendance through perceived costs and perceived benefits differed by race/ethnicity. Conclusion: Results suggest that Caucasian parents participate in a parenting program designed to prevent child maltreatment differently based upon their perceived benefits and costs of the program, and based on benefits only for African-American parents. Parental perception of costs and/or benefits of a program may threaten the effectiveness of interventions to prevent child maltreatment for certain racial/ethnic groups, as it keeps them from fully engaging in empirically validated programs. Different methods may be required to retain participation in violence-prevention programs depending upon race/ethnicity. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Western Journal of Emergency Medicine en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject prevention en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.subject income en_US
dc.subject cost benefit en_US
dc.subject race en_US
dc.title Predictors of Engagement in a Parenting Intervention Designed to Prevent Child Maltreatment en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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