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Testing the cycle of maltreatment hypothesis: Meta-analytic evidence of the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment

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dc.contributor.author Madigan, S., Cyr, C., Eirich, R., Fearon, R. P., Ly, A., Rash, C., ... & Alink, L. R.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-05T14:41:52Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-05T14:41:52Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Madigan, S., Cyr, C., Eirich, R., Fearon, R. P., Ly, A., Rash, C., ... & Alink, L. R. (2019). Testing the cycle of maltreatment hypothesis: Meta-analytic evidence of the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment. Development and Psychopathology, 31(1), 23-51. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/10070319/3/Fearon%20IGA%20meta_Oct1_FINAL.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/4571
dc.description.abstract It has long been claimed that “maltreatment begets maltreatment,” that is, a parent's history of maltreatment increases the risk that his or her child will also suffer maltreatment. However, significant methodological concerns have been raised regarding evidence supporting this assertion, with some arguing that the association weakens in samples with higher methodological rigor. In the current study, the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment hypothesis is examined in 142 studies (149 samples; 227,918 dyads) that underwent a methodological quality review, as well as data extraction on a number of potential moderator variables. Results reveal a modest association of intergenerational maltreatment (k = 80; d = 0.45, 95% confidence interval; CI [0.37, 0.54]). Support for the intergenerational transmission of specific maltreatment types was also observed (neglect: k = 13, d = 0.24, 95% CI [0.11, 0.37]; physical abuse: k = 61, d = 0.41, 95% CI [0.33, 0.49]; emotional abuse: k = 18, d = 0.57, 95% CI [0.43, 0.71]; sexual abuse: k = 18, d = 0.39, 95% CI [0.24, 0.55]). Methodological quality only emerged as a significant moderator of the intergenerational transmission of physical abuse, with a weakening of effect sizes as methodological rigor increased. Evidence from this meta-analysis confirms the cycle of maltreatment hypothesis, although effect sizes were modest. Future research should focus on deepening understanding of mechanisms of transmission, as well as identifying protective factors that can effectively break the cycle of maltreatment. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Development and Psychopathology en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject long term effects en_US
dc.subject psychological effects en_US
dc.subject risk factors en_US
dc.subject family violence en_US
dc.subject domestic violence en_US
dc.subject parenting en_US
dc.subject International Resources en_US
dc.subject United Kingdom en_US
dc.title Testing the cycle of maltreatment hypothesis: Meta-analytic evidence of the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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