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Associations between adverse childhood experiences and adversities later in life. Survey data from a high-risk Norwegian sample

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dc.contributor.author Dovran, A., Winje, D., Arefjord, K., Tobiassen, S., Stokke, K., Skogen, J. C., & Øverland, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-22T15:55:04Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-22T15:55:04Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Dovran, A., Winje, D., Arefjord, K., Tobiassen, S., Stokke, K., Skogen, J. C., & Øverland, S. (2019). Associations between adverse childhood experiences and adversities later in life. Survey data from a high-risk Norwegian sample. Child abuse & neglect, 98, 104234. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145213419304119
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/4551
dc.description.abstract Background A history of childhood abuse and neglect (CAN) is associated with exposure to later negative life events. CAN at an early age, multiple cooccurring exposures (cumulative events), and a high severity and frequency of exposure have potential detrimental long-term effects. Objective The present study examines the relationship between the severity of CAN and the prevalence of school difficulties and hardship at school, adult adversity and mental health. Participants and Settings: Participants were recruited from in- and outpatient mental health or substance abuse treatment facilities, child protective services (CPS), and prisons (N = 809, age range = 13–66, mean age = 27.62, SD = 10.47). Methods Exposure to childhood maltreatment was assessed by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire Short Form (CTQ-SF). After adjusting for gender and age, we conducted a risk ratio regression analysis to investigate associations between severity of child abuse and neglect and hardship at school, adult adversity and adult mental health. Results The moderate and severe level groups of CAN had statistically significant higher risk ratios for experiences of school difficulties, hardship at school, adult adversity and mental health problems. A robust dose-response was found between severity levels. Conclusion At an individual level the findings highlight the association between exposure to abuse and adult adversity, underscoring the importance of targeting individuals with high risk of exposure to CAN to reduce the negative long-term risk for Polyvictimization. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Child Abuse & Neglect en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject poly-victimization en_US
dc.subject Clinical and high-risk individuals en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.subject survey en_US
dc.title Associations between adverse childhood experiences and adversities later in life. Survey data from a high-risk Norwegian sample en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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