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Child maltreatment and sleep problems among adolescents in Ontario: A cross sectional study

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dc.contributor.author Turner, S., Menzies, C., Fortier, J., Garcés, I., Struck, S., Taillieu, T., ... & Afifi, T. O.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-22T15:38:11Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-22T15:38:11Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Turner, S., Menzies, C., Fortier, J., Garcés, I., Struck, S., Taillieu, T., ... & Afifi, T. O. (2020). Child maltreatment and sleep problems among adolescents in Ontario: a cross sectional study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 99, 104309. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145213419304855
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/4547
dc.description.abstract Introduction Child maltreatment has a negative impact on health and well-being. Healthy sleep patterns are an important indicator of health and are particularly important for adolescent growth and development. Few studies examine the relationship between child maltreatment and sleep problems using a general population, adolescent sample. The objective of the current study was to examine the relationship between five different types of child maltreatment and four sleep outcomes among adolescents. Methods Data were from a subset of the Ontario Child Health Study 2014, a representative sample of 14 to 17- year-olds in Ontario, Canada (n=2,910). Sexual abuse, physical abuse and exposure to intimate partner violence (EIPV) were measured using the Childhood Experiences of Violence Questionnaire (CEVQ). Emotional maltreatment and physical neglect were measured using items derived from survey questions designed for the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Sleep outcomes included time it takes to fall asleep, waking during the night, and hours of sleep on weekdays and weekends. Models were adjusted for sociodemographic variables. Results Findings indicate that all types of child maltreatment were associated with increased odds of taking more than 10 min to fall asleep (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.21–1.58), waking more often during the night (AOR: 1.62–5.73) and fewer hours slept on weekdays (adjusted beta [AB]: −0.39 to −0.15). Child sexual abuse, emotional maltreatment, and EIPV were associated with decreased hours of sleep on weekends (AB: −0.63 to −0.28). Conclusion Preventing child maltreatment may improve sleep outcomes among adolescents, thereby improving overall health and well- being. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Child Abuse & Neglect en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject child maltreatment en_US
dc.subject adolescents en_US
dc.subject sleep problems en_US
dc.subject Epidemiology en_US
dc.subject quantitative research en_US
dc.subject International Resources en_US
dc.subject Canada en_US
dc.title Child maltreatment and sleep problems among adolescents in Ontario: A cross sectional study en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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