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Can Using a Smartphone Application Improve the Ability of Law Enforcement Officers to Recognize Commercially Sexually Exploited Children and Report Them to Child Welfare Authorities?

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dc.contributor.author Goldman, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-30T16:40:12Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-30T16:40:12Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Goldman, S. (2018). Can Using a Smartphone Application Improve the Ability of Law Enforcement Officers to Recognize Commercially Sexually Exploited Children and Report Them to Child Welfare Authorities?. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1078&context=etd_doctoral
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/4377
dc.description.abstract The commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a crime of abuse that is frequently unrecognized because mandated reporters may be unfamiliar with the indicators. Commercially sexually exploited minors participate in sex acts in exchange for money, goods, or services. At least 200,000 American children are believed to be victims of this crime each year (County Welfare Director Association of California, 2015). Victims often go undiscovered and experience significant health issues. A public health model is used to explain the context of victimization and the need for interdisciplinary collaboration to discover victims and connect them with needed services. A randomized controlled study with a pretest and post-test design was used to determine if a smartphone application (app) could be used by law enforcement officers, who frequently encounter these victims in their work, as an electronic decision pathway. One hundred and three subjects from five police agencies were surveyed in a classroom setting. The results showed that the difference between the pre-test and post-test scores was significant (p < 0.001) in the intervention group and that the use of an app may be beneficial to identifying victims and promoting interdisciplinary collaboration. Future direction includes adaptation of the app for use by other disciplines such as health care professionals and educators. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher San Jose State University en_US
dc.subject CSEC en_US
dc.subject exploitation en_US
dc.subject domestic minor sex trafficking en_US
dc.subject law enforcement en_US
dc.subject reporting en_US
dc.subject technology en_US
dc.title Can Using a Smartphone Application Improve the Ability of Law Enforcement Officers to Recognize Commercially Sexually Exploited Children and Report Them to Child Welfare Authorities? en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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