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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: A Mechanism in the Relationship Between Early Sexual Victimization and Incapacitated/Drug-or-Alcohol-Facilitated and Forcible Rape

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dc.contributor.author Walsh, Kate, DiLillo, David, Klanecky, Alicia, & McChargue, Dennis
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-30T19:56:57Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-30T19:56:57Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Walsh, Kate, DiLillo, David, Klanecky, Alicia, & McChargue, Dennis. (2013). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: A Mechanism in the Relationship Between Early Sexual Victimization and Incapacitated/Drug-or-Alcohol-Facilitated and Forcible Rape. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 28(3), 558–576. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3514578/pdf/nihms390992.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3704
dc.description.abstract Sexual assault occurring when the victim is unable to consent or resist due to the use or administration of alcohol or drugs (i.e., incapacitated/drug-or-alcohol facilitated rape; IR/DAFR) is a particularly prevalent form of victimization experienced by college women. By definition, substance use precedes IR/DAFR; however, few studies have examined other potential risk factors for IR/DAFR that may be unique from those associated with forcible rape (FR; i.e., sexual assault occurring due to threats or physical restraint). The present investigation tested a model of risk for IR/DAFR and FR suggesting that child or adolescent sexual abuse (CASA) leads to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, which in turn increase the likelihood of IR/DAFR, but not FR. Results revealed full mediation for PTSD hyperarousal symptoms in the pathway between CASA and IR/DAFR, and partial mediation for hyperarousal symptoms in the pathway between CASA and FR. Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Interpersonal Violence en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject adolescents en_US
dc.subject long term effects en_US
dc.subject psychological effects en_US
dc.subject young adult en_US
dc.subject sexual assault en_US
dc.subject predisposing factors en_US
dc.subject college age women en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.title Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: A Mechanism in the Relationship Between Early Sexual Victimization and Incapacitated/Drug-or-Alcohol-Facilitated and Forcible Rape en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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