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The relationships between violence in childhood and educational outcomes: A global systematic review and meta-analysis.

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dc.contributor.author Fry, Deborah, Fang, Xiangming, Elliott, Stuart, Casey, Tabitha ,Zheng, Xiaodong, Li, Jiaoyuan, Florian, Lani, & McCluskey, Gillean
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-23T15:04:34Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-23T15:04:34Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Fry, Deborah, Fang, Xiangming, Elliott, Stuart, Casey, Tabitha ,Zheng, Xiaodong, Li, Jiaoyuan, Florian, Lani, & McCluskey, Gillean. (2018). The relationships between violence in childhood and educational outcomes: A global systematic review and meta-analysis. Child Abuse & Neglect, 75, 6-28. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145213417302491/pdfft?md5=dc32cbc398444d553bb006da4fc36001&pid=1-s2.0-S0145213417302491-main.pdf  
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3689
dc.description.abstract This is the first study to estimate the association globally between violence in childhood on educational outcomes, addressing a significant gap in the current evidence base. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were conducted to identify 67 and 43 studies respectively from 21 countries to estimate the relationship between different types of violence in childhood on educational outcomes including school dropout/graduation, school absence, academic achievement and other educational outcomes such as grade retention, learning outcomes and remedial classes. Findings show that all forms of violence in childhood have a significant impact on educational outcomes. Children who have experienced any form of violence in childhood have a 13% predicted probability that they will not graduate from school. Males who are bullied are nearly three times more likely to be absent from school and girls who have experienced sexual violence have a three-fold increased risk of being absent, AOR 2.912, 95% CI (0.904–4.92) and AOR 3.147, 95% CI (0.033–4.57) respectively. Violence in childhood also has a significant impact on children’s academic achievement on standardized tests. This study shows how different forms of violence in childhood contribute to inequalities in education—for both boys and girls and that an increased investment in prevention is needed in order to meet the global Sustainable Development Goals of ending violence, raising learning outcomes and creating safe, non-violent and inclusive learning environments. More work is also needed to further define, monitor and measure the link between violence in childhood and educational outcomes in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Child Abuse & Neglect en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject sexual abuse en_US
dc.subject physical abuse en_US
dc.subject family violence en_US
dc.subject domestic violence en_US
dc.subject long term effects en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.subject International Resources en_US
dc.title The relationships between violence in childhood and educational outcomes: A global systematic review and meta-analysis. en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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