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The development of differential mnemonic effects of false denials and forced confabulations

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dc.contributor.author Otgaar, H., Howe, M. L., Memon, A., & Wang, J.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-17T20:17:25Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-17T20:17:25Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Otgaar, H., Howe, M. L., Memon, A., & Wang, J. (2015). The development of differential mnemonic effects of false denials and forced confabulations. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 32(6), 718-731. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/6183/5/Otgaar-Howe_et_al_IN_PRESS.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3435
dc.description.abstract The current experiment was designed to assess the mnemonic consequences of false denials and forced confabulations. Children (6- to 8- and 10- to 12-year-olds) and adults viewed a video and their memory and belief about the event were tested. Participants were then divided into three groups. In the Cued Recall condition, participants were asked to answer true- and false-event questions, but could choose not to respond if they did not know the answer. In the Forced Confabulation group, participants received the same set of questions, but were forced to answer all of them. In the False Denial group, participants were instructed to falsely deny in response to each question. One week later, participants received a source memory test, and they had to provide memory and belief ratings once more. Forced confabulations resulted in false memories in the youngest group. Moreover, our analyses showed that repeated false denials led to children and adults to be highly inclined to falsely deny that they had talked to the experimenter about certain presented details when in fact they had done so. Furthermore, false denial and nonbelieved memory rates were more pronounced in younger than in older children and adults. Our results imply that denying experienced events is not a good strategy in an interviewing setting as it adversely affects memory statements about the interview. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Behavioral Sciences and the Law en_US
dc.subject confabulation en_US
dc.subject false memories en_US
dc.subject false denial en_US
dc.subject forensic interview en_US
dc.title The development of differential mnemonic effects of false denials and forced confabulations en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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