CALiO Search

Self-Injury and Externalizing Pathology: A Systematic Literature Review

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Meszaros, G., Horvath, L. O., & Balazs, J.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-02T15:57:33Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-02T15:57:33Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Meszaros, G., Horvath, L. O., & Balazs, J. (2017). Self-injury and externalizing pathology: a systematic literature review. BMC psychiatry, 17(1), 160. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5415783/pdf/12888_2017_Article_1326.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3369
dc.description.abstract Background: During the last decade there is a growing scientific interest in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The aim of the current paper was to review systematically the literature with a special focus on the associations between self-injurious behaviours and externalizing psychopathology. An additional aim was to review terminology and measurements of self-injurious behaviour and the connection between self-injurious behaviours and suicide in the included publications. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted on 31st December 2016 in five databases (PubMed, OVID Medline, OVID PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science) with two categories of search terms (1. nonsuicidal self-injury, non-suicidal self-injury, NSSI, self-injurious behaviour, SIB, deliberate self-harm, DSH, self-injury; 2. externalizing disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, conduct disorder, CD, oppositional defiant disorder, OD, ODD). Results: Finally 35 papers were included. Eleven different terms were found for describing self-injurious behaviours and 20 methods for measuring it. NSSI has the clearest definition. All the examined externalizing psychopathologies had strong associations with self-injurious behaviours according to: higher prevalence rates in externalizing groups than in control groups, higher externalizing scores on the externalizing scales of questionnaires, higher symptom severity in self-injurious groups. Eight studies investigated the relationship between suicide and self-injurious behaviours and found high overlap between the two phenomena and similar risk factors. Conclusions: Based on the current findings the association between externalizing psychopathology and self-injurious behaviours has been proven by the scientific literature. Similarly to other reviews on self-injurious behaviours the confusion in terminology and methodology was noticed. NSSI is suggested for use as a distinct term. Further studies should investigate the role of comorbid conditions in NSSI, especially when internalizing and externalizing pathologies are both presented. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BMC Psychiatry en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject psychological effects en_US
dc.subject self-harm en_US
dc.subject self-mutilation en_US
dc.subject self-inflicted injury en_US
dc.subject literature review en_US
dc.title Self-Injury and Externalizing Pathology: A Systematic Literature Review en_US
dc.type Article en_US


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search


Browse

My Account