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Abuse Victimization in Childhood or Adolescence and Risk of Food Addiction in Adult Women

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dc.contributor.author Mason, S. M., Flint, A. J., Field, A. E., Austin, S. B., & Rich‐Edwards, J. W.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-18T19:45:55Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-18T19:45:55Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Mason, S. M., Flint, A. J., Field, A. E., Austin, S. B., & Rich‐Edwards, J. W. (2013). Abuse victimization in childhood or adolescence and risk of food addiction in adult women. Obesity, 21(12), E775-E781. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3855159/pdf/nihms470669.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3312
dc.description.abstract Objective: Child abuse appears to increase obesity risk in adulthood, but the mechanisms are unclear. This study examined the association between child abuse victimization and food addiction, a measure of stress-related overeating, in 57,321 adult participants in the Nurses’ Health Study II (NHSII). Design and Methods: The NHSII ascertained physical and sexual child abuse histories in 2001 and current food addiction in 2009. Food addiction was defined as ≥3 clinically significant symptoms on a modified version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale. Confounder-adjusted risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using modified Poisson regression. Results: Over eight percent of the sample reported severe physical abuse in childhood, while 5.3% reported severe sexual abuse. Eight percent met the criteria for food addiction. Women with food addiction were 6 units of BMI heavier than women without food addiction. Severe physical and severe sexual abuse were associated with roughly 90% increases in food addiction risk (physical abuse RR=1.92; 95% CI: 1.76, 2.09; sexual abuse RR=1.87; 95% CI: 1.69, 2.05). The RR for combined severe physical abuse and sexual abuse was 2.40 (95% CI: 2.16, 2.67). Conclusions: A history of child abuse is strongly associated with food addiction in this population. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Obesity en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject long term effects en_US
dc.subject weight en_US
dc.subject eating disorders en_US
dc.subject psychological effects en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.title Abuse Victimization in Childhood or Adolescence and Risk of Food Addiction in Adult Women en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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