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Psychological aggression by American parents: National data on prevalence, chronicity, and severity

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dc.contributor.author Straus, M. A., & Field, C. J.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-23T15:08:48Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-23T15:08:48Z
dc.date.issued 2003
dc.identifier.citation Straus, M. A., & Field, C. J. (2003). Psychological aggression by American parents: National data on prevalence, chronicity, and severity. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65(4), 795-808. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.thedivineconspiracy.org/CTS27.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3151
dc.description.abstract This article describes the prevalence of psychological aggression in a nationally representative sample of 991 parents. By child-age 2, 90% reported using one or more forms of psychological aggression during the previous 12 months and 98% by age 5. From ages 6 to 17, the rates continued in the 90% range. The rate of severe psychological aggression was lower: 10%–20% for toddlers and about 50% for teenagers. Prevalence rates greater than 90% and the absence of differences according to child or family characteristics suggests that psychological aggression is a near universal disciplinary tactic of American parents. Finally, this article discusses the implications of the findings for the conceptualization of psychological “abuse,” and for understanding the origins of the high level of psychological aggression between intimate partners. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Marriage and Family en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject emotional abuse en_US
dc.subject parenting en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.title Psychological aggression by American parents: National data on prevalence, chronicity, and severity en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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