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Child Maltreatment and Adult Living Standards at 50 Years

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dc.contributor.author Pereira, S. M. P., Li, L., & Power, C.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-28T17:01:06Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-28T17:01:06Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Pereira, S. M. P., Li, L., & Power, C. (2016). Child Maltreatment and Adult Living Standards at 50 Years. Pediatrics, e20161595. Online ahead of print. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-1595 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/early/2016/12/15/peds.2016-1595.full.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/3124
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment (abuse and neglect) has established effects on mental health. Less is known about its influence on adult economic circumstances. We aimed to establish associations of child maltreatment with such outcomes and explore potential pathways. METHODS: We used 1958 British birth cohort data (N = 8076) to examine associations of child neglect and abuse with adult (50 years) long-term sickness absence, not in employment,education or training (NEET), lacking assets, income-related support, poor qualifications,financial insecurity, manual social class, and social mobility. We assessed mediation of associations by 16-year cognition and mental health. RESULTS: Abuse prevalence varied from 1% (sexual) to 10% (psychological); 16% were neglected. A total of 21% experienced 1 maltreatment type, 10% experienced ≥2 types. Sexual and nonsexual abuse were associated with several outcomes; eg, for sexual abuse, adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of income-related support was 1.75 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12–2.72). Associations were little affected by potential mediating factors. Neglect was associated with several adult outcomes (eg, aOR of NEET was 1.43 [95% CI, 1.10–1.85]) and associations were mediated by cognition and mental health (primarily by cognition): percent explained varied between 4% (NEET) to 70% (poor qualifications). In general, the risk of poor outcome increased by number of maltreatment types (eg, aOR for long-term sickness absence increased from 1.0 [reference] to 1.76 [95% CI, 1.32–2.35] to 2.69 [95% CI, 1.96–3.68], respectively, for 0, 1, and ≥2 types of maltreatment. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood maltreatment is associated with poor mid adulthood socioeconomic outcomes, with accumulating risk for those experiencing multiple types of maltreatment. Cognitive ability and mental health are implicated in the pathway to outcome for neglect but not abuse. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Pediatrics en_US
dc.subject long term effects en_US
dc.subject economic impact en_US
dc.subject outcomes en_US
dc.subject child maltreatment en_US
dc.title Child Maltreatment and Adult Living Standards at 50 Years en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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