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Prevalence and risk factors for forced or coerced sex among school-going youth:

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dc.creator Andersson, N. et al.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-19T16:25:40Z
dc.date.available 2013-09-19T16:25:40Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/30
dc.identifier.uri http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3293138/pdf/bmjopen-2011-000754.pdf
dc.description Objectives: To study prevalence at two time points and risk factors for experience of forced or coerced sex among school-going youth in 10 southern African countries. Design: Cross-sectional surveys, by facilitated selfadministered questionnaire, of in-school youth in 2003 and 2007. Setting: Schools serving representative communities in eight countries (Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe) in 2003 and with Tanzania and South Africa added in 2007. Participants: Students aged 11e16 years present in the school classes. Main outcome measures: Experience of forced or coerced sex, perpetration of forced sex. Results: In 2007, 19.6% (4432/25 840) of female students and 21.1% (4080/21 613) of male students aged 11e16 years reported they had experienced forced or coerced sex. Rates among 16-year-olds were 28.8% in females and 25.4% in males. Comparing the same schools in eight countries, in an analysis age standardised on the 2007 Botswana male sample, there was no significant decrease between 2003 and 2007 among females in any country and inconsistent changes among males. In multilevel analysis using generalised linear mixed model, individual-level risk factors for forced sex among female students were age over 13 years and insufficient food in the household; school-level factors were a lower proportion of students knowing about child rights and higher proportions experiencing or perpetrating forced sex; and community-level factors were a higher proportion of adults in favour of transactional sex and a higher rate of intimate partner violence. Male risk factors were similar. Some 4.7% of female students and 11.7% of male students reported they had perpetrated forced sex. Experience of forced sex was strongly associated with perpetration and other risk factors for perpetration were similar to those for victimisation. Conclusions: Forced or coerced sex remained common among female and male youth in 2007
dc.format pdf
dc.publisher BMJ Open
dc.subject Statistics
dc.subject Risk -- Risk factors
dc.subject Violence -- domestic
dc.subject Africa
dc.subject International Resources
dc.title Prevalence and risk factors for forced or coerced sex among school-going youth:
dc.type Text


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