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Professional burnout, vicarious trauma, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion fatigue

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dc.contributor.author Newell, J. M., & MacNeil, G. A.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-28T20:00:54Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-28T20:00:54Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Newell, J. M., & MacNeil, G. A. (2010). Professional burnout, vicarious trauma, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion fatigue. Best Practices in Mental Health, 6(2), 57-68. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.iupui.edu/~mswd/S501/multimedia/word_doc/burnoutarticle.pdf  
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/2874
dc.description.abstract The emotional and psychological risks associated with providing direct social work services to vulnerable populations have been largely overlooked in social work educational curriculum and agency training (Cunningham, 2004; Courtois, 2002; Shackelford, 2006). These risks should be conceptualized as occurring in two separate forms: trauma-related stress and professional burnout. Vicarious trauma, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion fatigue are conditions related specifically to work with trauma populations, while professional burnout is considered a more general phenomenon which may occur within any social service setting. The forms of trauma-related stress conditions and professional burnout are often erroneously discussed either interchangeably or grouped together as one condition in the literature. It is best to conceptualize each of these conditions separately in order to have a comprehensive understanding of these complex phenomena. It is important that direct practitioners and educators understand the risk factors and symptoms associated with these phenomena in order to identify, prevent, and/or minimize their effects. As a best-practice initiative, it is appropriate that information on these conditions be infused into social work curricula as a first-line preventive measure for the training of inexperienced social workers who may be more vulnerable to the effects of these conditions (Lerias & Byrne, 2003). Information on these topics should also be included as part of agency training for practitioners already working in the field. This article provides a brief review of professional burnout, vicarious trauma, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion fatigue, including the risk factors and symptoms associated with these conditions. Particular attention is paid to the inclusion of this material and the practice of self-care in both macro and micro social work education, as well as agency-training curriculum. (Author Abstract)   en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Best Practices in Mental Health en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject vicarious trauma en_US
dc.subject secondary traumatic stress en_US
dc.subject burnout en_US
dc.subject prevention en_US
dc.subject literature review en_US
dc.title Professional burnout, vicarious trauma, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion fatigue en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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