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Neurobiology of Attachment to an Abusive Caregiver: Short-Term Benefits and Long-Term Costs

Show simple item record Perry, R., & Sullivan, R. M. 2015-07-27T20:22:39Z 2015-07-27T20:22:39Z 2014
dc.identifier.citation Perry, R., & Sullivan, R. M. (2014). Neurobiology of attachment to an abusive caregiver: Short‐term benefits and long‐term costs. Developmental psychobiology, 56(8), 1626-1634. en_US
dc.description.abstract Childhood maltreatment is associated with adverse brain development and later life psychiatric disorders, with maltreatment from the caregiver inducing a particular vulnerability to later life psychopathologies. Here we review two complementary rodent models of early life abuse, which are used to examine the infant response to trauma within attachment and the developmental trajectories that lead to later life neurobehavioral deficits. These rodent models include being reared with an abusive mother, and a more controlled attachment-learning paradigm using odor-shock conditioning to produce a new maternal odor. In both of these rodent models, pups learn a strong attachment and preference to the maternal odor. However, both models produce similar enduring neurobehavioral deficits, which emerge with maturation. Importantly, cues associated with our models of abuse serve as paradoxical safety signals, by normalizing enduring neurobehavioral deficits following abuse. Here we review these models and explore implications for human interventions for early life maltreatment. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Developmental psychobiology en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject models en_US
dc.subject long term effects en_US
dc.subject animal studies en_US
dc.subject fear conditioning en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.title Neurobiology of Attachment to an Abusive Caregiver: Short-Term Benefits and Long-Term Costs en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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