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Ten-year research update review: Child sexual abuse

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dc.contributor.author Putnam, F. W.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-15T14:19:56Z
dc.date.available 2015-05-15T14:19:56Z
dc.date.issued 2003
dc.identifier.citation Putnam, F. W. (2003). Ten-year research update review: Child sexual abuse. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(3), 269-278. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.460.3497&rep=rep1&type=pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/2238
dc.description.abstract Objective: To provide clinicians with current information on prevalence, risk factors, outcomes, treatment, and prevention of child sexual abuse (CSA). To examine the best-documented examples of psychopathology attributable to CSA. Method: Computer literature searches of Medline and PSYCInfo for key words. All English-language articles published after 1989 containing empirical data pertaining to CSA were reviewed. Results: CSA constitutes approximately 10% of officially substantiated child maltreatment cases, numbering approximately 88,000 in 2000. Adjusted prevalence rates are 16.8% and 7.9% for adult women and men, respectively. Risk factors include gender, age, disabilities, and parental dysfunction. A range of symptoms and disorders has been associated with CSA, but depression in adults and sexualized behaviors in children are the best-documented outcomes. To date, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) of the child and a nonoffending parent is the most effective treatment. Prevention efforts have focused on child education to increase awareness and home visitation to decrease risk factors. Conclusions: CSA is a significant risk factor for psychopathology, especially depression and substance abuse. Preliminary research indicates that CBT is effective for some symptoms, but longitudinal follow-up and large-scale “effectiveness” studies are needed. Prevention programs have promise, but evaluations to date are limited. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry en_US
dc.subject child sexual abuse en_US
dc.subject prevention en_US
dc.subject depression en_US
dc.subject sexualized behavior en_US
dc.subject literature review en_US
dc.title Ten-year research update review: Child sexual abuse en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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