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Complex trauma and mental health in children and adolescents placed in foster care: findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network

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dc.contributor.author Greeson, J. K., Briggs, E. C., Kisiel, C. L., Layne, C. M., Ake III, G. S., Ko, S. J., ... & Fairbank, J. A.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-24T18:19:09Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-24T18:19:09Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Greeson, J. K., Briggs, E. C., Kisiel, C. L., Layne, C. M., Ake III, G. S., Ko, S. J., ... & Fairbank, J. A. (2011). Complex trauma and mental health in children and adolescents placed in foster care: findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. Child Welfare, 90(6), 91-108. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.researchgate.net/publication/224845521_Complex_trauma_and_mental_health_in_children_and_adolescents_placed_in_foster_care_findings_from_the_National_Child_Traumatic_Stress_Network/file/79e4150b64c4710c70.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11212/1342
dc.description.abstract Many children in the child welfare system (CWS) have histories of recurrent interpersonal trauma perpetrated by caregivers early in life often referred to as complex trauma. Children in the CWS also experience a diverse range of reactions across multiple areas of functioning that are associated with such exposure. Nevertheless, few CWSs routinely screen for trauma exposure and associated symptoms beyond an initial assessment of the precipitating event. This study examines trauma histories, including complex trauma exposure (physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, domestic violence), posttraumatic stress, and behavioral and emotional problems of 2,251 youth (age 0 to 21; M = 9.5, SD = 4.3) in foster care who were referred to a National Child Traumatic Stress Network site for treatment. High prevalence rates of complex trauma exposure were observed: 70.4% of the sample reported at least two of the traumas that constitute complex trauma; 11.7% of the sample reported all 5 types. Compared to youth with other types of trauma, those with complex trauma histories had significantly higher rates of internalizing problems, posttraumatic stress, and clinical diagnoses, and differed on some demographic variables. Implications for child welfare practice and future research are discussed. en_US
dc.publisher Child Welfare en_US
dc.subject polyvictimization en_US
dc.subject post traumatic stress disorder en_US
dc.subject risk factors en_US
dc.subject research en_US
dc.subject behavior disorders en_US
dc.subject child sexual abuse en_US
dc.subject statistics en_US
dc.subject treatment en_US
dc.title Complex trauma and mental health in children and adolescents placed in foster care: findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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